Call us directly: +91 922 5306774 / +91 9921395600

Nityseva Hospital

Dr. Sachin S. Ingle

Nityseva Hospital

Dr. Sonal S. Ingle

Nityaseva Hospital, 10, Pratap Nagar, Jalgaon. View Location

Your Guide to Cancer and Laparoscopy Information


Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus.

Causes


  • Cancer occurs between the ages of 60 and 70 years, but a few cases may occur before age 40.
  • The following increase your risk of endometrial cancer:
    • Tamoxifen, a drug for breast cancer treatment
    • Never being pregnant
    • Obesity
    • Starting menstruation at an early age (before age 12)
    • Starting menopause after age 50
    • Diabetes
    • Estrogen replacement therapy without the use of progesterone
    • History of endometrial polyps or other benign growths of the uterine lining
    • Infertility (inability to become pregnant)
  • Associated conditions include the following:
    • Colon or breast cancer
    • Hypertension
    • Polycystic ovarian disease
 Symptoms

  • Abnormal uterine bleeding, abnormal menstrual periods:
    • Bleeding between normal periods before menopause
    • Vaginal bleeding or spotting after menopause
  • Extremely long, heavy, or frequent episodes of vaginal bleeding after age 40
  • Lower abdominal pain or pelvic cramping
  • Thin white or clear vaginal discharge after menopause
 Diagnosis

  • Endometrial aspiration or biopsy
  • Dilation and curettage (D and C)
  • Pap smear
 Treatment
  • Treatment options involve surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
  • A hysterectomy may be performed in women with the early stage 1 disease. Removal of the tubes and ovaries (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy) is also usually recommended.
  • Chemotherapy considered in some cases, especially for those with stage 3 and 4 disease.
Prognosis:
  1. The 1-year survival rate is about 92%.
  2. The 5-year survival rate for endometrial cancer that has not spread is 95%. If the cancer has spread to distant organs, the 5-year survival rate drops to 23%.
 When to Contact us:
  • If you have abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting after intercourse or douching:
    • Bleeding lasting longer than 7 days
    • Periods that occur every 21 days or more
    • Bleeding or spotting after 6 months or more of no bleeding at all
 Prevention
  • All women should have regular pelvic exams beginning at the onset of sexual activity.
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