Hepatocellular carcinoma Service
Hepatocellular carcinoma is cancer of the liver.
Obstetrics and gynecology includes womens reproductive health and pre-natal care, labor and post natal care.
- Hepatocellular carcinoma is not the same as metastatic liver cancer, which starts in another organ (breast or colon) and spreads to the liver.
- The cause of liver cancer is usually scarring of the liver (cirrhosis). Cirrhosis may be caused by:
- Alcohol abuse
- Certain autoimmune diseases of the liver
- Diseases that cause long-term swelling and irritation (chronic inflammation) of the liver
- Hepatitis B and C
- Too much iron in the body (hemochromatosis)
- Abdominal pain or tenderness, especially in the upper-right part
- Easy bruising or bleeding
- Enlarged abdomen
- Yellow skin and eyes (jaundice)
- Physical examination may show an enlarged, tender liver tests include:
- Abdominal CT scan
- Liver biopsy
- Liver enzymes (liver function tests)
- Liver scan
- Serum alpha fetoprotein
- Aggressive surgery or a liver transplant - small or slow-growing tumors if they are diagnosed early.
- Chemotherapy and radiation treatments -may be used to shrink large tumors so that surgery has a greater chance of success.
- No symptoms.
- Abdominal bloating
- Recurring intolerance of fatty foods
- Steady pain in the right upper abdomen that increases rapidly and lasts from 30 minutes to several hours.
- Nausea or vomiting
- Indigestion & belching.
- The usual outcome is poor, because only 10 - 20% of hepatocellular carcinomas can be removed completely using surgery.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
- Liver failure
- Spread (metastasis) of the carcinoma
Persistent abdominal pain, especially if you have a history of any liver disease.
- Vaccination against hepatitis B
- Quit alcohol