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Nityseva Hospital

Dr. Sachin S. Ingle

Nityseva Hospital

Dr. Sonal S. Ingle

Nityaseva Hospital, 10, Pratap Nagar, Jalgaon. View Location

Your Guide to Cancer and Laparoscopy Information

Lung cancer

Lung cancer

  • Lung cancer is cancer that begins in the lungs
  • Two main types of lung cancer:
    • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer.
    • Small cell lung cancer makes up about 20% of all lung cancer cases.
  • If the cancer started somewhere else in the body and spread to the lungs, it is called metastatic cancer to the lung.
  • Cigarette smoking
  • The more cigarettes you smoke per day and the earlier you started smoking, the greater your risk of lung cancer.
  • Secondhand smoke (breathing the smoke of others) increases your risk of lung cancer.
    • High levels of air pollution
    • High levels of arsenic in drinking water
    • Radon gas
    • Asbestos
    • Family history of lung cancer
    • Radiation therapy to the lungs
    • Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals such as uranium, beryllium, vinyl chloride, nickel chromates, coal products, mustard gas, chloromethyl ethers, gasoline, and diesel exhaust
  • Cough that doesnt go away
  • Coughing up blood
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Chest pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Swallowing difficulty
  • Nail problems
  • Joint pain
  • Hoarseness or changing voice
  • Swelling of the face
  • Facial paralysis
  • Eyelid drooping
  • Bone pain or tenderness
 Types of gallstones:
  • Cholesterol stones
  • Pigment stones
  • Mixed stones - the most common type. They are comprised of cholesterol and salts.
 Exams and Tests
  • Tests that may be performed include:
    • Chest x-ray
    • Sputum cytology test
    • Blood work
    • CT scan of the chest
    • MRI of the chest
    • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
    • Bronchoscopy combined with biopsy
    • Pleural biopsy
    • CT scan directed needle biopsy
    • Mediastinoscopy with biopsy
    • Open lung biopsy

Treatment depends on the specific type of lung cancer. Each type is treated differently. Chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery may be needed.

  • If you smoke, quit.
  • Avoid second hand smoke.
  • Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables may help prevent some cases of lung cancer.
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