Call us directly: +91 922 5306774 / +91 9921395600

Nityseva Hospital

Dr. Sachin S. Ingle

Nityseva Hospital

Dr. Sonal S. Ingle

Khushi Hospital, 35, Pratap Nagar, Jalgaon - 425001, Maharashtra View Location

Your Guide to Cancer and Laparoscopy Information

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus.

 HPV Vaccine

  • Current immunization guidelines recommend
  • Routine vaccination for girls ages 11 - 12 years. The vaccine should be administered in 3 doses, with the second and third doses administered 2 and 6 months after the first dose.
  • Girls and women ages 13 - 26 who have not been previously immunized or who have not completed the full vaccine series should get vaccinated to catch up on missed doses
  • Women should not get the vaccine during pregnancy.

  • Worldwide third most common type of cancer in women.
  • It starts as a pre-cancerous condition called dysplasia. This pre-cancerous condition can be detected by a Pap smear and is 100% treatable.
  • Almost all cervical cancers are caused by HPV (human papilloma virus). HPV is a common virus that is spread through sexual intercourse.
  • Having sex at an early age

    • Multiple sexual partners
    • Sexual partners who have multiple partners or who participate in high-risk sexual activities
    • Women whose mothers took the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol) during pregnancy in the early 1960s to prevent miscarriage
    • Weakened immune system

  • Continuous vaginal discharge, which may be pale, watery, pink, brown, bloody, or foul-smelling
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, after intercourse, or after menopause
  • Periods become heavier and last longer than usual
  • Any bleeding after menopause
  • Symptoms of advanced cervical:
    • Loss of appetite
    • Weight loss
    • Fatigue
    • Pelvic pain
    • Back pain
    • Leg pain
    • Single swollen leg
    • Heavy bleeding from the vagina
    • Leaking of urine or feces from the vagina
    • Bone fractures
 Exams and Tests
  • Pap smears screen for pre-cancers and cancer. If abnormal changes are found, the cervix is usually examined under magnification. This is called colposcopy.
  • Other tests may include:
    • Endocervical curettage (ECC) to examine the opening of the cervix
    • Cone biopsy
  • If the woman is diagnosed with cervical cancer, following tests are done to see the spread of tumor
    • CT scan
    • Cystoscopy
    • MRI
    • Chest x-ray
    • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • Treatment of cervical cancer depends on the stage of the cancer, the size and shape of the tumor, the age and general health of the woman.
  • Types of surgery for early cervical cancer:
    • LEEP (Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure) -- uses electricity to remove abnormal tissue
    • Cryotherapy -- freezes abnormal cells
    • Laser therapy -- uses light to burn abnormal tissue
  • Radical hysterectomy -removes the uterus and much of the surrounding tissues, including internal lymph nodes and upper part of the vagina. In the most extreme surgery, called a pelvic exenteration, all of the organs of the pelvis, including the bladder and rectum, are removed.
  • Radiation may be used to treat cancer that has spread beyond the pelvis, or cancer that has returned.
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer.
  • Sometimes radiation and chemotherapy are used before or after surgery.
 When to Contact us:
  • If you:
    • Are a sexually active woman who has not had a Pap smear in the past year
    • Are at least 20 years old and have never had a pelvic examination and Pap smear
  • Vaccine appears to prevent early-stage cervical cancer and precancerous lesions.
  • Practicing safe sex (using condoms) also reduces your risk of HPV and other sexually-transmitted diseases.
  • Getting regular Pap smears can help detect pre-cancerous changes, which can be treated before they turn into cervical cancer.
  • Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer so quit smoking.
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