What is Appendicitis?
- Appendix is a narrow, hollow muscular tube present near the junction of the small and large intestine.
- Appendicitis is the inflammation of appendix (infection).
- In almost 80% of cases of acute appendicitis are caused due to obstruction of lumen of appendix. The reason of obstruction could be a faecolith (i.e. hard faecal matter), worms if present in the intestines.
- Severe pain in right lower abdomen with nausea and vomiting
- Raised white blood cell count.
- Ultrasound of abdomen suggestive of acute appendicitis
- Removal of inflamed appendix can be done by an open technique or laparoscopically.
- Laparoscopic appendicectomy is performed by making three tiny (3-5-10 mm) incisions through which the telescope and instruments are introduced and the appendix is removed.